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FDA Tells Firm 23andMe To Halt Genetic Test Sales

  • This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)

    This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)

  • This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)

    This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)

  • This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)
  • This image provided 23andMe shows the company's logo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is ordering genetic test maker 23andMe Monday, Nov. 25, 2013, to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is backed by science. (AP Photo/23andMe)

Washington — The Food and Drug Administration has ordered Google-backed genetic test maker 23andMe to halt sales of its personalized DNA test kits, saying the company has failed to show that the technology is supported by science.

In a warning letter posted online Monday, FDA regulators say that the Silicon Valley company has not shown that its tests are safe or effective despite “more than 14 face-to-face and teleconference meetings” and “hundreds of email exchanges.” The agency orders 23andMe to stop marketing its test immediately, warning that erroneous results could cause customers to seek unnecessary or ineffective medical care.

23andMe’s saliva-based test kit, launched more than 5 years ago, claims to tell customers if they are at risk for more than 250 diseases and health conditions. The FDA says only medical tests that have been cleared by the government are permitted to make such claims. The letter follows years of back-and-forth between the government and 23andMe, the most visible company among a new field of startups selling personal genetic information. The spread of consumer-marketed DNA tests has troubled doctors and health officials who worry that the products are built on flimsy science.

For years, 23andMe resisted government regulation, arguing that it simply provides consumers with information, not a medical service. But last year the company changed course, submitting several of the disease-specific tests included in its test kit.

A spokeswoman for the Mountain View, Calif.-based company said 23andMe recognizes it has been late responding to FDA questions about the application.

“Our relationship with the FDA is extremely important to us and we are committed to fully engaging with them to address their concerns,” said Kendra Cassillo in a statement.

The FDA letter suggests that regulators have gone to great lengths to try and work with the company, citing months of meetings and dozens of letters between the two parties.

“However, even after these many interactions with 23andMe, we still do not have any assurance that the firm has analytically or clinically validated” its technology, states the letter.

The FDA warning, dated Nov. 22, takes issue with a number of claims the company makes for its test kit, particularly calling it a “first step in prevention” against diseases like diabetes, heart disease and breast cancer. Regulators worry that false results from the test could cause patients to receive inadequate or inappropriate medical care. For instance, 23andMe says its test can identify women who carry the BRCA gene mutation that significantly increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. But a false result could lead women to undergo unnecessary screening, chemotherapy and surgery.

The FDA gives the company 15 days to respond in writing to the letter’s concerns. Warning letters are not legally binding, but the government can take companies to court if they are ignored.

23andMe was co-founded by Anne Wojcicki, who recently separated from her husband, Google co-founder Sergey Brin. Both Google and Brin have invested millions in the privately held company over the years.