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Bill to Open Vermont Police Records Advances in Legislature

Montpelier — The Vermont Senate unanimously approved a bill yesterday that would require police to release investigation records that are currently not available to the public, cheering open-government advocates who have long criticized law enforcement with ducking public scrutiny by operating behind closed doors.

The bill, which was crafted by the Senate Judiciary Committee, passed 29-0 in a roll call vote, after State Sen. Dick Sears, chairman of the committee, told lawmakers that the bill was a “big deal,” according to Allen Gilbert, executive director for the Vermont chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. It now heads to the State House of Representatives, where lawmakers are expected to take it up before the session expires.

“People have to realize, the position we’re all in now is that nobody has access to any criminal investigation records, even if the case is closed, or the suspect is dead,” Gilbert said in an interview this week. “We’re currently in a total shroud of secrecy situation, and the bill would move away from that.”

The bill was initially proposed by Gov. Peter Shumlin and has been touted by open-government advocates as a needed dose of accountability for law enforcement. Under current law, police typically assert a blanket right to keep the records of all investigations sealed. Under the bill, records would generally be made public absent a specific finding of “harm” that their release would cause. That would bring Vermont law in line with federal laws.

But supporters did not get everything they wanted.

At the urging of the Vermont League of Cities and Towns and other groups, the bill included stipulations that allow the names of witnesses and victims of crimes to be withheld.

The Shumlin administration and the ACLU opposed the exemptions, deeming them unnecessary. The proposed law included protections for “unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.” Moreover, it could potentially allow authorities to withhold names of people targeted by police use of force that is later deemed illegal.

“There’s always a danger when you create a categorical exemption,” Gilbert said. “There might be times when who a witness is can be important to how you understand a case. We’d rather have a court determine whether or not to release a witness or victim’s name rather than say ‘You can’t do it,’ categorically.”

Additionally, the Shumlin administration voiced concern that the new protections could allow not only people, but companies and agencies to have their identities redacted from police records.

Vermont’s public records law, which generally allows citizens to access all manner of government records, contains an exemption for records of “detection and investigation of crime.”

That exemption has routinely been invoked by police when refusing to release files from cases that have been closed, or never resulted in criminal charges. For example, Hartford police, backed by Sorrell’s office, declined to release files from two incidents in which officers were alleged to have used excessive force against citizens who were later found not to have committed any crimes.

Critics argue the current law allows the police to operate with little oversight, and leads to the Vermont Attorney General’s Office clearing officers of criminal wrongdoing without showing the public how they reached those conclusions.

Several legal experts who, at the request of the Valley News last year, reviewed a file of a Vermont State Police investigation into Hartford police officers accused of assaulting a naked and semiconscious Wilder man, said that state police appeared to soft-pedal the inquiry and only spotlight facts that reflected favorably upon the actions of police officers. (The Valley News obtained the file from confidential sources — police declined to release the file, citing the legal exemption.)

Under the bill, those files would now likely be released, advocates say.

The bill will likely be reviewed by House Judiciary Committee and the House Government Operations Committee before it moves to the full House for a vote.

State Rep. Donna Sweaney, D-Windsor, the chairwoman of the government operations committee, said she is in favor of making police records more transparent.

“If you’re speaking about individual police records or investigative records ... we need to have a standard procedure to say yes, they are open records,” Sweaney said in an interview.

Meanwhile, lawmakers continue to mull two other bills that impact police operations.

A bill that would limit the amount of time that police can retain information generated by automatic license plate scanners has been re-written in an attempt to forge a compromise between privacy advocates and police.

State Sen. Tim Ashe, a Democrat/Progressive from Burlington, introduced a bill that would require police to delete electronic records collected by the scanners after six months. Information from the devices, which can scan thousands of license plates per hour, is currently stored in a law enforcement database for four years.

After committee hearings, the bill was re-written to allow police to retain the information for 18 months. It is scheduled to taken up by the full Senate today. In the Upper Valley, police in Hartford and Springfield, Vt., and the sheriff’s departments in Windsor and Orange counties utilize the license plate scanners.

Another bill is unlikely to make it through the legislature this year.

A proposal that would dramatically restrict police use of stun guns and increase training for officers who must confront mentally unstable person will likely need another year of work, Sweaney said, who noted it would likely be voted on in next year’s session, Sweaney said.

More than 30 members of the Vermont House of Representatives sponsored a bill that advocates said is a direct response to the death of Macadam Mason, an unarmed, a mentally ill man who died after a Vermont State Police Trooper shot him with a stun gun when they ordered him to surrender at his home in Thetford last June.

Sweaney, whose committee is reviewing bill, said her committee plans to take more testimony, and is also awaiting recommendations from Vermont Attorney General Bill Sorrell, who convened a panel discussion last week in which mental health advocates voiced concerns over the use of stun guns. Sorrell is continuing to take written testimony on the bill.

“The Taser bill needs more work, more discussion,” Sweaney said. “We still have some things to iron out about the bill. The committee decided they won’t rush it, and will make sure it’s done (right).”

Mark Davis can be reached at or 603-727-3304.