U.S. Looks to Circumvent Karzai
Afghan Army soldiers participate in morning exercises at a training facility in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan, Tuesday, Nov. 26, 2013. The Afghan National Security Forces depend exclusively on billions of dollars in funding from the United States and its allies, money that is now at risk following President Hamid Karzais decision to defer signing a security agreement until after the April elections. The US wants the deal signed by the end of the year so that it can plan for a residual force after 2014, when all foreign combat forces leave. If the deal is not signed, billions in funding for the army and police may dry up. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)
Washington — U.S. officials seeking to resolve a tense standoff with Afghan President Hamid Karzai were exploring on Tuesday whether they could bypass him and get other senior officials to sign a security deal authorizing American troops to remain in the country after 2014.
A day after Karzai abruptly said he would not sign unless Washington agreed to additional conditions, the Obama administration was pushing for Foreign Minister Zarar Ahmad Osmani or another official to endorse the agreement on behalf of the government in Kabul, Afghanistan, several U.S. officials said.
The Pentagon has been saying for months that it needs the security pact in place by the end of the year to give planners time to draft deployment schedules and secure funding for post-2014 operations.
Without a signed agreement, U.S. officials say, they will begin planning a complete withdrawal of the remaining 47,000 American troops next year. That means Afghanistan could be left to face a still-potent Taliban insurgency without substantial foreign military assistance.
Susan Rice, Obama’s national security advisor, told Afghanistan’s Tolo television station that it was not possible for the United States to postpone signing the deal until the spring, as Karzai has called for. She brushed aside Karzai’s call for the release of all Afghans held at the naval prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and other demands.
“We’ve concluded the negotiations of the agreement,” Rice said at the end of a three-day visit to Kabul.
“We’re getting the text ready, and we’ll sign it at a high level,” an apparent acknowledgment that someone other than Karzai could sign for the Afghans.
But U.S. officials concede that the notion of bypassing Karzai poses enormous difficulties and is probably not a viable solution to the standoff unless Karzai himself accepts the idea.
“The heads of state wouldn’t have to sign the document, but they would have to delegate that authority,” said a senior U.S. official in Kabul familiar with the discussions. “So I don’t think it’s clear here if it could be put into effect without (Karzai’s) approval.”