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Senate Panel OKs Background Checks

Washington — A bill to expand background check requirements for gun sales cleared its first Senate hurdle yesterday, with Democrats hoping it could be the vehicle for a compromise measure that would could pass the full chamber.

The Senate Judiciary Committee approved the proposal by Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., by a 10-8 vote, with support solely from Democrats.

Schumer said the bill, a variation of a measure he introduced in 2011, represented his “ideal approach” to extending background checks to nearly all gun sales. The proposal faces stiff opposition from Republicans, as well as Democrats from conservative states.

But now that it is out of committee, Schumer said he was optimistic about reaching an agreement. “I’m continuing to talk with colleagues across the political spectrum and across the aisle,” he said.

Expanding background checks to include most private sales is a centerpiece of President Obama’s push for new gun laws in the aftermath of the Newtown, Conn., elementary school mass shooting. Currently, only sales by licensed dealers are subject to checks. Under federal law, felons and others are barred from owning guns.

Universal background checks had been considered the most likely gun control measure to pass Congress, in part because polling has consistently indicated strong public support. The Pew Research Center in a survey released yesterday found that 83 percent of adults, including 79 percent of gun owners, support stronger background check requirements. Even among National Rifle Association members, who generally do not support other proposed gun laws, such as an assault weapons ban, background checks notch 74 percent approval.

But negotiations in the Senate have proven thorny. Schumer, along with Sens. Joe Manchin III, D-W.V., Mark Steven Kirk, R-Ill., and Tom Coburn, R-Okla., had tried to craft a deal in time for Judiciary Committee consideration. Coburn, a conservative Republican with a top NRA rating, withheld his support out of concern that records of private transactions could lead to a national registry of firearm ownership.

That concern was echoed yesterday by Sen. Charles E. Grassley, R-Iowa, the committee’s top Republican. He warned that “mass shootings would continue to occur despite universal background checks.”