GOP Targets Spending in Budget Plan

Rep. Paul Ryan Revives Effort To Reverse President’s Agenda

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

    President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., gestures as he speaks about the 2014 Budget Resolution, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., gestures as he speaks about the 2014 Budget Resolution, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

    One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

    One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

    President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget.    (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

    President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget.    (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

    President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the House Budget Committee 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., gestures as he speaks about the 2014 Budget Resolution, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
  • One of President Barack Obama's motorcade vehicles is seen parked in front of the US Capitol Building in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. Obama traveled to Capitol Hill to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
  • President Barack Obama, escorted by Senate Sergeant at Arms Terry Gainer, waves as he arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, to visit with Senate Democrats in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
  • Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • Rep. Bill Flores, R-Texas, left, and Rep. Scott Garrett, R-N.J., hold copies of the 2014 Budget Resolution during a news conference with House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., Tuesday, March 12, 2013, on Capitol Hill, Tuesday in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., holds up a copy of the 2014 Budget Resolution as he speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
  • President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget.    (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
  • President Barack Obama leaves the Capitol in Washington, Tuesday, March 12, 2013, after visiting with Senate Democrats in in the first of four meetings with lawmakers this week to discuss the budget.    (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

Washington — House Republicans redoubled their efforts to roll back signature accomplishments of President Obama yesterday, offering a slashing budget plan that would repeal new health care subsidies and cut spending across a wide swath of programs dear to Obama and his Democratic allies.

The GOP plan was immediately rejected by the White House as an approach that “just doesn’t add up” and would harm America’s middle class. Obama has rebuffed similar plans two years in a row and ran strongly against the ideas when winning re-election last year — when its chief author, Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan, R-Wis., was on the Republican ticket.

Ryan’s budget illustrates the stark differences in the visions of Tea Party-backed Republicans and Obama and his Democratic allies about the size and role of government — with no obvious avenues for compromise.

Senate Democrats are responding with a milder plan that would repeal automatic spending cuts that began to take effect earlier this month while offering $100 billion in new spending for infrastructure and job training. The Democratic counter won’t be officially unveiled until today, but its rough outlines were described by aides. They spoke only on condition of anonymity because they weren’t authorized to describe it publicly.

That plan by Senate Budget Committee Chairman Patty Murray, D-Wash., would raise taxes by almost $1 trillion over a decade and cut spending by almost $1 trillion over the same period. But more half of the combined deficit savings would be used to repeal the automatic, spending cuts that began to hit the economy earlier this month and are slated to continue through the decade.

All this was in the works as Obama trekked to the Capitol to join Senate Democrats for their weekly closed-door policy luncheon as part of his bipartisan outreach efforts to lawmakers in both House and Senate on the budget. Obama is pressing for a “grand bargain” that would attract more moderate elements from both parties — even as this week’s competing budget presentations are tailored to appeal strictly along party lines.

At issue is the arcane and partisan congressional budget process, which involves a unique, non-binding measure called a budget resolution. When the process works as designed — which is rarely — budget resolutions have the potential to stake out parameters for follow-up legislation specifying spending and rewriting the complex U.S. tax code.

But this year’s dueling GOP and Democratic budget proposals are more about defining political differences — as if last year’s elections didn’t do enough of that — than charting a path toward a solution.

“If you look at the two budgets, there’s not a lot of overlap,” said Rep. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland, top Democrat on the Budget Committee. He said the lack of “common ground” makes it necessary to make uncomfortable compromises.

One such compromise might be to adopt a stingier inflation adjustment for Social Security cost-of-living increases and the indexing of income tax brackets. House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, pressed for the new inflation measure in both sets of his failed previous budget negotiations with Obama, and the idea was favorably discussed in the “supercommittee” negotiations chaired by Murray in the fall of 2010.