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Gun Testimony Emotional

Gabrielle Giffords: ‘You Must Act’

  • National Rifle Association CEO Wayne LaPierre testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013, before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence. Supporters and opponents of stricter gun control measures face off at a hearing on what lawmakers should do to curb gun violence in the wake of last month's shooting rampage in Newtown, Conn. that killed 20 schoolchildren. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

    National Rifle Association CEO Wayne LaPierre testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013, before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence. Supporters and opponents of stricter gun control measures face off at a hearing on what lawmakers should do to curb gun violence in the wake of last month's shooting rampage in Newtown, Conn. that killed 20 schoolchildren. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

  • Former Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who was seriously injured in the mass shooting that killed six people in Tucson, Ariz. two years ago, sits with her husband Mark Kelly, speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013,  before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence.  (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

    Former Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who was seriously injured in the mass shooting that killed six people in Tucson, Ariz. two years ago, sits with her husband Mark Kelly, speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013, before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

  • National Rifle Association CEO Wayne LaPierre testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013, before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence. Supporters and opponents of stricter gun control measures face off at a hearing on what lawmakers should do to curb gun violence in the wake of last month's shooting rampage in Newtown, Conn. that killed 20 schoolchildren. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)
  • Former Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who was seriously injured in the mass shooting that killed six people in Tucson, Ariz. two years ago, sits with her husband Mark Kelly, speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013,  before the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on gun violence.  (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

Washington — She spoke just 72 words, reading slowly and carefully from a lined sheet where a speech therapist had transcribed her thoughts. One of the many things former Rep. Gabrielle Giffords has lost is the congressional luxury to be long-winded.

“You must act. Be bold. Be courageous,” Giffords testified yesterday in her first formal remarks on Capitol Hill since an attack that nearly killed her two years ago. “Americans are counting on you.”

Giffords was the first witness called by the Senate Judiciary Committee yesterday, in a hearing that served as the Congressional kickoff for a bitter fight about guns.

Other witnesses included Giffords’ husband, former astronaut Mark Kelly, who has joined her in a push to tighten gun laws. And, at the other end of the witness table and on the other side of the issue, Wayne LaPierre — the National Rifle Association’s articulate, combative spokesman in Washington.

Four hours later, a lot had been said, and very little had been settled. The memory of Giffords’ appearance gradually lost its solemn hold on the participants. At one point, a female gun-rights advocate told a Democratic senator that he could not understand the appeal of a high-capacity ammunition magazine because, “you are a large man” who doesn’t feel as vulnerable as a woman.

But, by the end, one thing seemed clearer. A consensus among lawmakers is emerging behind an expansion of background checks for gun buyers, a proposal with far more bipartisan support than a reinstatement of the federal assault-weapons ban.

“Universal background checks is a proven, effective step we can take to reduce gun violence,” Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said at the hearing. “And I believe it has a good chance of passing.

The purpose of yesterday’s hearing was to shape gun legislation that can pass a splintered Congress. Committee chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., said he expects the panel to craft some kind of bill by next month. Schumer has led the charge on mandating background checks for all gun purchases — closing a “loophole” that exempts sales at gun shows. Also Wednesday, Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., and Mark Kirk, R-Ill., unveiled a new bipartisan measure to make gun trafficking a federal crime.

It was a quiet — and mainly polite — discussion of violence.

Opponents of gun control told stories about homeowners shooting intruders in terrified self-defense. Supporters talked about the shooting rampage in Newtown, Conn., that left 20 elementary-school students, six school staffers, the shooter and his mother dead in December. And they talked about more recent violence: a shooting in Chicago Tuesday that killed a 15 year-old girl who had come to Washington during the inaugural weekend. And a shooting yesterday in Phoenix that injured at least three at an office building that unfolded during the hearing.

The forum began with reminders of Jan. 8, 2011, when gunman Jared Loughner shot Giffords at an event in a Tucson, Ariz. parking lot. She survived, partially blind and paralyzed in her right arm. Six others in the crowd died.

“Speaking is difficult. But I need to say something important,” Giffords said, after walking through a packed, but nearly silent, hearing room to her seat. Friends said she had practiced her remarks again and again. “Violence is a big problem. Too many children are dying. Too many children. We must do something.”

When Giffords finished, she was guided by Kelly out a back door. She watched some of the hearing on television, and the couple later met with President Obama in the Oval Office.

After she left, Giffords’ name was invoked more than 40 times and the hearing focused on her charge: how, or whether, to do something now.

Kelly, and several Democrats on the committee, advocated expanding background checks so that they covered all gun purchases. But the NRA’s LaPierre said such a strategy would accomplish little.

“So, we’re going to make all those law abiding people go through the system, and then we aren’t going to prosecute any of the bad guys if they do catch one. And it — none of it makes any sense in the real world.”

At that point, Leahy cut LaPierre off, because the time for that period of questioning had expired. As it happened, the next senator up was Sen. Richard J. Durbin, D-Ill., who challenged LaPierre.

“Mr. LaPierre, that’s the point. The criminals won’t go to purchase the guns because there will be a background check,” Durbin said. “We’ll stop them from the original purchase. You miss that point completely.”

At another point, Leahy noted that LaPierre had previously supported universal background checks when he testified at a similar House hearing in 1999.

Kelly also discussed the idea of limiting the size of ammunition magazines. He said that Loughner had carried a 33-round magazine — and was only stopped when he paused to reload and fumbled a new magazine. What if, Kelly said, he could only have carried a 10-round magazine? Might the rampage have ended sooner?

But, in opposition, Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., asked if he was “unreasonable” for not supporting a ban on semiautomatic weapons, or limiting high-capacity magazines.

Graham cited a recent incident in which a Georgia woman used a six-shot pistol to shoot a home invader: the man was hit five times, Graham said, but was still able to flee the scene.

Turning to Kelly, Graham asked: “Put your family member in that situation. Would I be a reasonable American to want my family to have the 15-round magazine in a semi-automatic weapon to make sure that if there’s two intruders, she doesn’t run out of bullets? Am I an unreasonable person for saying that in that situation, the 15-round magazine makes sense?”

Kelly did not respond aloud. Graham gave his own answer: “Well, I’ll say I don’t believe I am.”

There was relatively little support expressed for reinstating the assault-weapons ban that expired in 2004. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., has filed a bill to do that, but she spent little time discussing it during the hearing.

Feinstein did not question LaPierre when it was her turn to address witnesses, but she acknowledged their past history of sparring at congressional hearings and on national television about gun-control proposals. “It’s good to see you again,” she said to LaPierre. “We tangled — what was it? — 18 years ago. You look pretty good.”

Feinstein’s proposed ban was challenged by new Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, who used charts and props to argue that her bill is written in an illogical way by banning some rifles and permitting others that were nearly identical.

One of the more vivid exchanges involved Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., and Gayle Trotter, a conservative lawyer. Trotter pushed to keep assault weapons and high-capacity magazines available, arguing that they were essential to women in particular: these guns are more intimidating to potential attackers, she said, and easier for a smaller person to wield. Trotter cast this issue in language familiar from the abortion debate, talking about “our Second Amendment right to choose to defend yourself.”

In response, Whitehouse said he did not believe that a woman would need a 100-round magazine for self-defense.

Trotter challenged him, her voice rising: “How can you say that? . . . You are a large man.”

“A tall — tall man,” Trotter continued, speaking to Whitehouse. “You are not a young mother who has a young child with her. And I am passionate about this position. Because you cannot understand. You are not a woman stuck in her house having to defend her children, not able to leave her child, not able to seek safety, on the phone with 911. And she cannot get the police there fast enough to protect her child.”

Citing the clock, Leahy cut off their discussion.

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Washington Post staff writers Philip Rucker, Sari Horwitz and Julie Tate contributed to this report.

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