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Some Switching of Obamacare Health Plans Will Be Allowed

Washington — The Obama administration has quietly reworked rules and computer code for HealthCare.gov to try to stem an outpouring of discontent by some Americans who have discovered that the health plans they have bought do not include their old doctors or allow them to add new babies or spouses.

Under changes that have not been disclosed to the public, the government will temporarily allow consumers who have gotten coverage through the new online insurance marketplace to switch health plans to a limited degree.

In a memo distributed Thursday night to insurers, federal health officials said that people may pick a different health plan before the end of March if they are dissatisfied with the one they chose, but only if they stay with the same insurer and generally the same level of coverage.

The 14-page memo, obtained by The Washington Post, also says that people will be given more freedom and a longer opportunity to get a new health plan if they can prove that HealthCare.gov, the website for the new marketplace, displayed inaccurate information about the benefits that a health plan offers.

In addition, HealthCare.gov now is equipped with a “Report a Life Change” button, the memo says, enabling people to tinker with their insurance plans if they have added members to their family, moved, gotten out of prison, or undergone other changes that affect the insurance they want. Even as the improvement was being announced to insurers, this aspect of the computer system still is not working reliably, according to an individual familiar with the situation who spoke on condition of anonymity about internal government work.

For the first time, people will be able to end their coverage with two weeks’ notice. And a computer flaw has been fixed in order to stop a problem known as “looping” in which some people have been shuttled back and forth between the marketplace and their state Medicaid program, unable to get insurance from either one.

Taken together, the changes are the first major response by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the agency overseeing HealthCare.gov, since the start of January, when coverage began to take effect. The changes reflect both recent work — still underway — to improve the computer system for the marketplace, as well as fresh thinking about the needs of people who are buying the coverage, some for the first time.

The inability to adjust coverage in tandem with changing life circumstances was becoming a major frustration for both consumers and enrollment specialists around the country who help people sign up through the marketplace. Federal officials and government contractors working on HealthCare.gov had made “change in circumstance” a top priority lately. According to knowledgeable individuals inside and outside the government, tests have been underway this week to find out whether new software intended to fix this shortcoming actually worked.

Similarly, the computer system was not, until now, designed in a way that let people cancel insurance. In one instance, a couple enrolled for coverage in December, but the husband died before the health plan took effect on Jan. 1, according to an official familiar with the case, who said the widow has been unable to cancel her late husband’s part of the policy.

In other instances, federal officials have re-thought some of the marketplace’s rules, as it has become clear that some of the customers who have used HealthCare.gov purchased a health plan without fully understanding its benefits - or which doctors and other health care practitioners were part of its network.

Specifically, the new policy says that consumers may make changes before March 31, the end of an open enrollment period that began in October, if they want to “move to a plan with a more inclusive provider network” or fit within “other isolated circumstances” according to the memo, which does not define what the other circumstances might be. People who switch must stay with the same insurer and the same tier of coverage.

Asked about the new rule, a CMS spokesman, Aaron Albright, said: “We added this new flexibility, recognizing that many consumers are using a new system and getting coverage for the first time.”