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Blue Cross Vt. Appeals Rate Decision

Rate Review Process Suggestions Vary

Montpelier — Blue Cross Blue Shield of Vermont and one if its subsidiaries are appealing a decision by state regulators to reduce a rate increase request, saying the lower rate could hurt the subsidiary’s solvency.

The Green Mountain Care Board went against the advice of the Department of Financial Regulation and its own actuaries this month when it chose to reduce The Vermont Health Plan’s requested increase to its reserve fund from 2 percent to 0.5 percent, filings with the state show.

The Vermont Health Plan is a for-profit company owned by Blue Cross that is used primarily by small to mid-sized companies with 50-200 employees, said Kevin Goddard, vice president of external affairs. It has 5,610 policyholders covering 10,743 lives.

If The Vermont Health Plan’s full increase to its reserves had been approved, monthly premiums for members would increase $7.12. A separate 65-cent increase to cover administrative costs was also rejected by the board and is not being appealed.

The board’s order will hold down rates for people paying premiums to The Vermont Health Plan, but Goddard said the decision would “erode” the health plan’s surpluses and impact its long-term solvency.

As part of the health insurance rate review process the board looks at whether a requested rate is affordable, promotes quality and access to care, protects insurer solvency and whether it complies with state law.

The Department of Financial Regulation wrote to the board that its solvency analysis supported the 2 percent increase, and that it should not be revised downward unless the board’s actuaries “expressly opined” that the increase was excessive. The actuaries consulted by the board suggested the 2 percent could be safely reduced to 1 percent.

In its decision, the board states that despite the findings of its actuaries, it determined that a 0.5 percent increase was an “adequate buffer” and would result in more affordable rates for consumers.

The board’s decision also goes further than what was suggested by the Office of the Health Care Advocate, a project of Vermont Legal Aid, which represents consumers in the rate review process. It, too, suggested a 1 percent increase.

Attorneys for the Office of the Health Care Advocate said they were still reviewing Blue Cross’ appeal, which asks for the original 2 percent hike, and are planning to file a response to the appeal.

Jacqueline Hughes, of the Montpelier firm Storrow, Buckley and Hughes, is representing Blue Cross and The Vermont Health Plan in the appeal process.

Hughes submitted a motion for the board to reconsider its decision Friday, in which she argues that the board did not give “appropriate weight” to the Department of Financial Regulation’s solvency analysis.

Her argument highlights the statutory overlap between the Department of Financial Regulation and the Green Mountain Care Board. DFR still has the responsibility to monitor an insurer’s overall solvency, and it must also provide opinions to the board on how rates could impact a company’s financial health. The board is responsible for approving health insurance rates.

The board plans to move “expeditiously” on the motion for reconsideration, but there’s no deadline for making a decision, according to its attorney.