Two-Stepping Across Texas
David and Janet Manning, of New Braunfels, Texas, dance to the music of Bret Graham on March 4 at Gruene Hall, which was built in 1878 in New Braunfels and is the oldest continuously operating dance hall in the state. Illustrates TEXAS-DANCEHALL (category t), by Melanie D.G. Kaplan, special to The Washington Post. Moved Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (MUST CREDIT: Photo by Erich Schlegel for The Washington Post).
The Broken Spoke, photographed on March 5, is the best-known dancing spot in Austin, Texas. It's part dance hall, part honky-tonk offers two-step dance lessons. Illustrates TEXAS-DANCEHALL (category t), by Melanie D.G. Kaplan, special to The Washington Post. Moved Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (MUST CREDIT: Photo by Erich Schlegel for The Washington Post).
Bret Graham plays a free country music show on March 4 at Gruene Hall, which was built in 1878 in New Braunfels and is the oldest continuously operating dance hall in the state. Illustrates TEXAS-DANCEHALL (category t), by Melanie D.G. Kaplan, special to The Washington Post. Moved Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (MUST CREDIT: Photo by Erich Schlegel for The Washington Post).
Terri White, whose parents own the Broken Spoke in Austin, Texas, works with couples on the floor during a two-step dance lesson on March 2. The Broken Spoke is the best-known dancing spot in Austin. Illustrates TEXAS-DANCEHALL (category t), by Melanie D.G. Kaplan, special to The Washington Post. Moved Tuesday, March 12, 2013. (MUST CREDIT: Photo by Erich Schlegel for The Washington Post).
On my ninth day in Texas, I learned my most important dancing lesson. It was a warm afternoon in January, and I had stopped at Riley’s Tavern — a nearly empty music venue on a desolate road 40 miles south of Austin — to watch a Redskins game. I sat at the bar across from a TV and eventually began talking to an off-duty cop. When he found out that I was driving across the state by myself, unarmed, he bequeathed me his pocket knife.
Toward the end of the game, he politely took my hand. He led me past the bikers and toward the back of the building, to a small, deserted dance floor beside a quiet stage. Before I knew it, he was facing me and placing his right hand on my shoulder. And then, we were two-stepping.
The movements weren’t unfamiliar. After all, in the preceding days I’d found myself on countless dance floors, dancing with strangers to live music, taking lessons and remembering to let my partner lead. I just didn’t expect — on my day off from visiting dance halls — to find my skills tested in a smoky saloon during a playoff game. We shuffled around the gritty floor for a couple of jukebox songs before we returned to the bar for the fourth quarter.
After the game, I said goodbye and headed to my hotel, uncertain exactly how I would protect myself with the knife, but with a deeper understanding of how people in this state roll. I realized that when it comes to the act of facing a partner and stepping in unison — which Texans do so well — the venue, the music and the atmosphere are all secondary.
In this state, people just dance.
Anyone who has driven across Texas knows that simply setting your sights on the next state’s faraway border is a form of torture that could last for days. So when I was offered a writing assignment that involved traveling to Big Bend National Park in West Texas, I decided to break up the long drive with some dancing. I knew that the dance halls in Texas were like no others, and I love hearing the sweet croons of Western music enough to take on a few detours. I packed my boots in Washington just before New Year’s and headed west.
According to Stephen Dean, co-founder of an organization called Texas Dance Hall Preservation, most of the state’s historic dance halls are in the central and coastal regions. This is where German, Czech and Polish immigrants settled in the mid- to late 1800s. They would preserve their culture by gathering to celebrate the harvest or a holiday, sharing food and dancing the polka. The polka evolved into one type of two-step (quick-quick-slow pattern), but the more popular version — what’s known as Texas two-step (quick-quick-slow-slow) — evolved from the fox trot.
The charm of these dance halls is that they’re very much the same today as they were back when: You go for no-frills fellowship, cheap beer, good music and dancing. “Some are nothing more than a barn with a dance floor,” said Dean, who has been to more than 750 Texas dance halls, most of which are rarely used. “There’s something special about it. You’re dancing, the outside is coming in through the windows, and you’re in a historic wood building.”
Of course, there are many other types of places to two-step in Texas. As Dean explained it: “A dance hall is where you go and dance with your wife. The honky-tonk is where you go and dance with someone else’s wife.”
My first stop was in Houston, at Goode’s Armadillo Palace — decidedly more honky-tonk than dance hall (the giant mirrored armadillo outside should have been the first clue). But that’s a technicality I chose to ignore. When the dance floor beckoned, I danced. It was a good opportunity to brush up on my two-step the night before I headed to Austin, where I bought another pair of cowboy boots at Allens Boots and got to work.
My crash course in Texas music included such subgenre terms as redneck rock and red dirt, and I quickly learned that Bob Wills was the “king of Western swing,” that everybody loves Asleep at the Wheel and that Willie Nelson is nothing short of divine.
I started hearing certain artists’ names over and over — Dale Watson, Bobby Flores, Amber Digby, Jesse Dayton. No matter where these folks were playing, people would follow them. Mike Stinson, an artist fairly new on the Texas circuit, told me that people who love to dance often split their time between two venues in one night to catch certain bands. “A common topic of conversation,” he said, “is, ‘Where are we going to see live music and dance tonight?’ ”
On a Sunday afternoon, I caught Dale Watson at Ginny’s Little Longhorn Saloon, on the north side of Austin, which was as crowded as a frat party, but people still made room to dance. I showed up at the Continental Club on funky South Congress Avenue on a Wednesday and danced the jitterbug, only to find out later that Sunday is the big country-and-western night, with live music by Heybale. I kept hearing about the White Horse, a relatively new venue on the east side, but on my last night in Austin, I had to choose the Broken Spoke on the south side of the city.
Part dance hall, part honky-tonk, the Broken Spoke is legendary. Country music lover James White decided to open the place after he got out of the Army in 1964, and he still shows up nightly. I paid for a two-step class, got a wheel stamp on the back of my hand and walked onto a dance floor surrounded by neon beer signs.
The owners’ daughter Terri, wearing ripped jeans, a pixie haircut and a headset, sprinkled dance floor wax on the cement floor like it was fairy dust. She started her class with the guys lined up on one side, gals on the other. There were a lot of boots and cowboy hats, but there were also sneakers and sequins. Terri explained that Western swing is just two-step with turns. “Quick quick, slow slow,” she said. “There is a follower. There is a leader. I don’t care who is who. But girls, if you’re following, don’t fight him.”
We paired up to practice, and I partnered with a tall blond lead. Terri reminded us not to lift our toes. “That song Boot Scootin’ Boogie is about keeping your boots on the floor,” she said. During the lesson, her dad stood in the back, wearing a white cowboy hat, a turquoise cowboy shirt with rhinestones and a matching handkerchief around his neck. After class, the dance floor was packed before the band even began.
The next morning, I woke up with a wagon wheel smudged on my cheek. I stopped for the Redskins game at Riley’s and spent the next day in New Braunfels, less than an hour south of Austin, home of historic Gruene (pronounced “green”) Hall. Located on the banks of the Guadalupe River, Gruene is the oldest continuously operating dance hall in the state. It was built in 1878 as a community center for cotton farmers. Back then, people would go there to celebrate weddings, births, deaths, business deals or simply the end of a workday, and — aside from the tourists — it’s not much different today.
In front, there’s a cash bar where you can buy a Shiner Bock or a Coke. I scanned photos of the artists who have played here — George Strait, Lyle Lovett, Garth Brooks, Jerry Jeff Walker.
The back looks essentially like a barn with a stage. Long tables and benches with years of graffiti etched into the wood line up like picnic tables. Bands perform daily, and whether the lyrics are about love, the moon or 18-wheelers, there’s something sweet about watching the dancers: Some looked as if they’d been moving together for generations; others were young enough to be wearing patent-leather Mary Janes.
En route to my next stop, driving over roller coasters of asphalt as far as I could see, I saw firsthand why this beautiful area of Central Texas is called Hill Country. I arrived in Luckenbach, about 90 minutes northwest of Gruene and outside the town of Fredericksburg, which still maintains much of the German culture brought over by its original settlers. Luckenbach opened as a trading post in 1849, and it still sits more or less in the middle of nowhere, with a general store, a dance hall and a tollbooth-size tavern. The 1977 Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson song, Luckenbach, Texas, made it famous.
I showed up on a weeknight for what they call a picker circle — a few guitarists sitting around, playing acoustically. Three musicians sat in the corner of the bar, where every square inch of wall was covered with patches, stickers, dead animals, signs and photographs. I found myself standing around the wood-burning stove with about a dozen locals, sipping Lone Stars, listening to the tunes.
The dance hall was closed for the night, but the bartender grabbed his keys and switched on the lights for me to peek in. I added that to my growing list of places for my next visit. I was realizing that many halls — like Anhalt Hall (between Austin and San Antonio), the beautifully restored Sengelmann Hall (between San Antonio and Houston) and Floore’s Country Store (outside San Antonio) — have dances only on the weekends. So I hit the ones I could, making notes for a return trip one day.
I spent the next couple of weeks in West Texas, and on my way home, I made a quick stop in Fort Worth to see what’s known as the world’s largest honky-tonk: Billy Bob’s Texas. After the quiet of Big Bend, I was a little traumatized by the size and touristiness of the place, which includes real bull-riding, souvenir shops, several dance floors and even a saddle-shaped disco ball.
My last stop was Dallas. The cop I’d met in Austin was in town for business, and we’d arranged to meet for a Western swing class at Sons of Hermann Hall, an old fraternal organization known for its live music and swing dances. The instructor talked us through the steps and turns, and we rotated partners. The crowd was mostly young, but I also danced with an older man wearing a button-down shirt with a gun pattern. By the time the cop made his way back to me, we had both mastered the steps, and by the time the band played Frank Sinatra’s South of the Border, we were feeling confident. We were even getting ourselves back into step after a turn.
“Not bad,” he said of my dance skills, as we left the hall. But he implied that I could use some more practice. I laughed. I’d never be a Texan, but I had a feeling that the music and the two-stepping would always be with me. I told him that I’d be back, and I knew that I would be.
The next day, I packed up my boots and my pocket knife and headed east.